As we mentioned earlier, the city is not just buildings. It is also the people who live there. Cities grow and thrive because they meet the needs of the people who live there. Our outline is based on an idea from a man named Maslow who lived in the middle 20th century.

It's called Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Don't let that title scare you. It's just a set of levels that people throughout the world move through. There are five levels. They are physical needs, safety and security needs, social needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. It is often shown as a pyramid because everyone in the world must meet the first level, physical needs, before they can progress to the next level. However, few people in the world reach the fifth level, self-actualization. For example, the unfortunate people of Somalia are stuck in the physical needs level while some people in large cities in other parts of the world are meeting their self-actualization needs.

Physical Needs

Physical needs are those things that we need to survive. Food, water, shelter, clean air, and energy are some of the needs. How does your city grow, transport, store, preserve, and sell food? Are there new technologies for doing any of these? How does your city obtain clean water? Do you use technologies like desalination, wastewater recovery, or do you have a new technology? How are your buildings constructed? Do they use new materials? Do they incorporate new technologies for lighting and comfort features? How do you create energy? Is it a local solution or global solution? Do you use a single form of energy production or a variety of solutions? How do you ensure clean air?

Safety and Security Needs

After their physical needs are met, people want their safety and security needs met. This means your city must provide access to medical care, to police protection, to fire protection, and to waste management facilities. Normally, government assumes the responsibility to satisfy most of the safety and security needs. Where does the money come from to pay for all of this? Taxes, tolls, and fees are a few sources of money to run a government.

There are some questions you may wish to consider. How do residents of your city access medical care? Do you have a good first response system? Do you have any new technologies to improve medical care? Do you have any new technologies that improve police or fire protection? How does your city dispose of waste? Are there any new technologies for that?

Social Needs

Once your residents are safe and comfortable, they will want to socialize with other people. How do your residents communicate with one another; telephone, Internet, or some new technology? Do you have sports teams and venues like stadiums? Do you have an arts community with theaters and galleries? Do you have restaurants and nightclubs? Do you have organized recreational activities such as softball leagues, running clubs, etc.? Do you have religious organizations?

Esteem Needs

Esteem needs are met when people have confidence and feel good about themselves. Esteem needs can be met through education, community service, and employment. Does your city have quality colleges and universities? Do they have any specializations? Does your educational system provide opportunities to succeed for all children? Do you have libraries? Do you have many community service organizations? Are there numerous employment opportunities? Is your city known for certain types of industries? For instance, geothermal energy production.

Self-Actualization Needs

Self-actualization needs are met when your residents have the opportunity to maximize their personal potential. For one resident that may mean community leadership while another resident might wish to excel in sculpting. Self-actualization is an individual need. Does your city have free and open access to community leadership positions? Does your city have opportunities for people to start their own businesses? Does your city encourage people to pursue their dreams?

You should now have a pretty good idea of what you want to include inyour city. Now let's design how all the pieces are going to fit together.

Continue to City Layout.